Ⅰ.阅读理解 (考查热点:非物质文化遗产)Pizza is a pretty universal treat, but where did it start? Here are three things you probably didn't know about pizza.
· Pizza's Origins Are Half-Baked.
The Neapolitans(那不勒斯人)in Italy are proud of saying they invented pizza, but it's probably more accurate to say, they perfected it. The idea of putting toppings on a flatbread and baking it started in the 6th century BC. But the people of Naples were the first to put tomato on a flatbread in the 16th century. From its start, pizza was a food of the poor, as it was cheap, filling and easy to eat on the run. In Italian, the word “pizza” refers to anything that is made and then pressed flat.
· Pizza Margherita Is Not Exactly a Symbol of Italy.
It was said some day in 1889, a local baker named Raffaele Esposito created three pizzas for Queen Margherita when she was on a tour of Italy. The queen loved the version that had tomato, basil and mozzarella cheese—and just happened to match the colors of the Italian flag. So Esposito named the pizza after her.
But Pizza historian Scott Wiener points out that Italy was unified in name only in 1889 so it was unlikely any Neapolitan baker would want to celebrate “the Northern conquerors”. Further, the letter of gratitude for the pizza from the royal household that Pizzeria Brandi displays appears to be a fake(赝品)and may just have been a marketing plan.
· Hawaiian Pizza Invented by a Canadian.
Sam Panopoulos, from Greece originally moved to Canada at the age of 20. In 1962, he decided to put some ham and pineapple on a pizza at one of his restaurants in Ontario.
“We just put it on for fun to see how it was going to taste,” he told the BBC in 2017. Panopoulos named it the Hawaiian pizza after the brand of canned pineapple he used. The mix of sweet and savory toppings caught on with a certain part of the pizza-loving public. The inventor died in 2017.
1.Who was pizza first made for?
A.The people of Naples. B.The rich Italian people.
C.The poor Neapolitan people. D.Queen Margherita specially.
2.What can we learn about Pizza Margherita?
A.It was intended to match the colors of the Italian flag.
B.It was made to celebrate “the Northern conquerors”.
C.It was displayed in the royal house.
D.It was made to cater for Queen Margherita.
3.How did the name of Hawaiian Pizza come?
A.It was named after a brand of canned pineapple.
B.It was named after a restaurant in Ontario.
C.It came from a local Hawaiian cook.
D.It came from the pizza-loving public.
1.C 推断题。根据第2段中的“From its start, pizza was a food of the poor, as it was cheap, filling and easy to eat on the run.”可知,比萨最初是为贫穷的那不勒斯人制作的,因为它很便宜。
2.D 细节题。根据第3段中的“The queen loved the version that had tomato, basil and mozzarella cheese ...So Esposito named the pizza after her.”可知,玛格丽特比萨是烘焙师专门为玛格丽特女王在意大利旅行时准备的,并以她的名字命名的。
3.A 细节题。根据最后一段中的“Panopoulos named it the Hawaiian pizza after the brand of canned pineapple he used.”可知,夏威夷比萨是以一种罐装菠萝命名的。