Maps are pictures of places. You must have seen a map of the world, of your home country and even of

10.2018年山东济宁地区中考Maps are pictures of places. You must have seen a map of the world, of your home country and even of your home city. They show us towns, cities, roads, parks, schools, hospitals, and more.
There are also many other types( 类型) of maps. Each gives a special kind of information. There are street maps, tourist maps, and even maps of the air and sea.
Here is a simple road map.

 

1. Which is the biggest town on the map?
A. Greenton.
B. Bluetown.
C. Smalltown.
D. Bigtow.
2. If you drive from Smalltown to Bluetown, which is the best way to choose?
A. M3    B. M13.
C. M23    D. R67
3. What does the writer mainly want to tell us?
A. Ways to choose maps.    B. Ways to read maps.
C. Some types of maps.    D. The importance of maps.
答案】1. A    2. B    3. D
解析】这是一篇介绍地图的小短文,主要介绍了地图上的图例,并以一副小地图作为实例进行了介绍以说明地图的重要性。
1. 句意:地图上最大的城镇是哪个?通过图例发现空心圆圈是“large town”(大城镇),找到对应的地名是“Greentown”,故选A。
2. 句意:如果你从Smalltown开车到Bluetown,最好选择哪条路?在地图上找到Smalltown和Bluetown两个地方,发现连接两地的有两条路线M13和R67,从图例中看出实心细线表示“Road”(道路),虚线表示“Rough Track”(崎岖小路),故如果驾车最好选择M13道路,故选B。
3. 句意:作者主要想告诉我们什么?选项A.选择地图的方法。选项B.阅读地图的方法。选项C.一些类型的地图。选项D.地图的重要性。本文主要是在介绍地图,用地图能看到什么,地图能表示什么,并通过一副地图形象地说明了这点,所以主题是关于“地图的重要性”的,没有提到如何选择地图,没有提到如何阅读地图,也没对地图的类型进行介绍,故选D。
点睛:这样类型的阅读更加考察新时期环境下运用英语解决问题的能力,需要读懂图片,这直接与本篇阅读的1、2题的解答有直接的关系,用英语正确读懂题图的图例对解决这道题有很大的帮助,这就说明在日常中要培养跨学科的意识,要把一些基础的其他学科的知识运用在英语阅读中,如果不知道图片中左下角的图例或是直接忽视这幅图片做题就会造成不必要的丢分。

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