When I first arrived on this island, I had nothing. But I’ve found the ship and made a small boat.

12.【2018年湖南省张家界】阅读下面短文,根据所读内容回答问题。
When I first arrived on this island, I had nothing. But I’ve found the ship and made a small boat. I’ve brought back many things I can use—food and drink, tools, knives and guns. Although I have lost everything, I have not lost my life. So I will not give up and I will wait for another ship. I have already cut down trees and built a house. I go out with my gun almost every day to kill animals and birds for food. I’m even learning to grow fruit and vegetables.
A few weeks ago, I found the marks of another man’s feet on the sand. Who else is on my island? Not long after that, I saw some cannibals trying to kill two men from a broken ship. One of them died but the other ran towards my house. I helped him kill the cannibals. This man now lives with me and helps me. I named him Friday because that day was the day I met him. He is smart and I have already taught him some English.
—Taken from Robinson Crusoe
31. Did Robinson have anything when he first arrived on the island?
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32. What has Robinson brought back from the ship?
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33. What is Robinson learning to grow?
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34. Who tried to kill two men from a broken ship?
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35. Why did Robinson name the man Friday?
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答案】31. No, he didn’t./No./He didn’t.    
32. He has brought back food and drink, tools, knives and guns.    
33. He is learning to grow fruit and vegetables.    
34. Some cannibals./Some cannibals  tried to kill two men from a broken ship.    
35. Because he met the man on Friday. / Because Friday was the day he met him./ Because that day was the day he met him.
解析
这篇故事节选自《鲁滨逊漂流记》,简要概括了一下鲁滨逊在岛上的遭遇。
 
【32题详解】
句意:鲁宾逊从船上带回来了什么?原文“I’ve brought back many things I can use—food and drink, tools, knives and guns.”(我带回了许多我可以使用的东西 - 食物和饮料,工具,刀具和枪支。),注意在回答的时候需要转换人称,要说“他带回了食物和饮料,工具,刀具和枪支”,故填 He has brought back food and drink, tools, knives and guns.
【33题详解】
句意:鲁宾逊学习种植的是什么?原文“I’m even learning to grow fruit and vegetables.”(我甚至还在学习种植水果和蔬菜。),注意在回答的时候需要转换人称,故填He is learning to grow fruit and vegetables.
【34题详解】
句意:谁试图杀死来自破船上的两名男子?原文“I helped him kill the cannibals.”(我帮他杀了食人族。)说明杀人的人是“食人族”,故填Some cannibals./Some cannibals tried to kill two men from a broken ship.
【35题详解】
句意:为什么鲁宾逊把这名男子命名为星期五?原文“I named him Friday because that day was the day I met him.”(我给他取名星期五,因为那天我遇见了他。),所以取名的原因可以填“因为周五他遇到了那个男人/因为星期五是他遇见他的那一天/因为那天是他遇见他的那一天”,可填 Because he met the man on Friday. / Because Friday was the day he met him./ Because that day was the day he met him.

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